World War II changed the fate and history of Asian martial arts forever, particularly those in Japan and the Ryukyu islands. In the advent of the Battle of Okinawa, few Okinawan masters survived the aftermath, (e.g. Kyan Chotoku died of starvation in 1945.)
Kyan Chotoku, (1870-1945)
After the war, many things were either forgotten, lost, destroyed or otherwise relegated into untimely ends. Out of these ashes rose few who could take on the task of rebuilding Okinawa. Remember, many karate masters lives changed forever after the Battle of Okinawa.
Okinawan Karate masters pre World War II era.
Few martial arts lineages and schools can directly trace their roots to the 1800s. More over, even fewer Okinawan Ryu Ha (school) and/or Kai Ha (a group or faction) can loosely trace their lineage 400 years further back to the 1400s. The Okinawa Kenpo line is unique to this facet of karate history. This is not an article on the history of Okinawa Kenpo, though a brief explanation is key to understand the historical significance and influence of a father and son relationship in the world of martial arts, not only as a historical study but as reflection as history that is always in the making.
The Nakamura lineage can be traced to its beginning in the late 1400s. Approximately in 1472, Naha”Bushi” Sakiyama was appointed by the Ryukyu kingdom as head of the system that later became known as Okinawa Kenpo, the first recorded school to teach officially “outside” of the Okinawan/Ryukyu royalty. According to Taketo Nakamura, there were “dozens of successors” known as “Naha Bushi” Sakiyama, but most of those names have been lost to antiquity. The following is the list of the Ryu Ha known currently as Okinawa Kenpo, along with the approximate dates each successor preceded the next leader of the Ryukyu Ti-Okinawa Kenpo Ryuha:
1472 Naha “Bushi” Sakiyama
1522 Naha “Bushi” Sakiyama
1574 Naha “Bushi” Sakiyama
1773 Wakudano Sakiyama
1855 Kitoku Sakiyama
1871 Shinkchi Kuniyoshi
1925 Nakamura Shigeru
1969 Seikichi Odo
2002 Taketo Nakamura
The names above listed are definitive for Okinawa Kenpo’s lineage cross checked by primary source documents in Okinawa as well as interviews with the late Sekichi Odo, Mitsuo Kakazu, Seiko Kinjo and Taketo Nakamura.
Shigeru Nakamura (1894-1969) in addition to this lineage, was also the founder of the Okinawa Kenpo Karate Renmei, an association formed after the war to bring many karateka together to work on the improvement and testing their skills in karate-jitsu (fighting techniques) and kobujutsu (weapons fighting techniques). Shigeru Nakamura’s greatest contribution in the formation of the development of modern karate was the invention of the bogu-gear for free style kumite. Much has been written on Shigeru Nakamura and his influence on karate. However, very little has been written about his son, Taketo Nakamura, the current Saiko-Shihan (grandmaster) of Okinawa Kenpo.
Taketo Nakamura: A synthesis of Calligraphy, Kobujistu, Metallurgist & Master Healer
Taketo Nakamura, (1932-) was born January 1st, 1932 outside of Nago, Okinawa. He was conscripted into the Japanese military at the age of 13 in 1945 just before the Battle of Okinawa. Nakamura sensei tells us that “first the Japanese soldiers made us clean up the rubble and what was left after every skirmish; later on after the Battle of Okinawa and the war, the American soldiers did the same.”
The Okinawa Kenpo Renmei became famous for several reasons, including the opening of the “largest dojo in Okinawa” at the time in 1953, in Nago, Okinawa. The chief instructor and Dojo-Cho of the Nago dojo was Shigeru Nakamura. A little known fact is that Shigeru’s son, Taketo Nakamura single handedly built the dojo. Construction of the dojo began in late 1949. With food and resources scarce, Taketo Nakamura persisted. With truly unbelievable odds and relentless determination he not only his fulfilled his father’s dream but also continued the legacy the Okinawa Kenpo lineage he had inherited. Several calligraphy pieces are mounted in the dojo including the one below, created by Ki’Chimoto, a master calligrapher and mentor of Taketo Nakamura.
The “Dojo Kun” that is shown on many Okinawa Kenpo websites as well as in many loosely associated dojos and schools around the world are copies of the original penned by Taketo Nakamura.
From the 1960s through the early 1980s Taketo worked as a metal smith and mechanic for large engines and busses in the northern part of Okinawa. Using his skill as a martial artist and craftsman, he made many of the Okinawan weapons used for Kobudo himself, notably his unique design of the Sai (釵)- aka “Nakamura Sai.”
His “weighted” nunchaku:
His unique position in karate was also key in his development. He had several kobujustu and karate masters as his mentors and sempai, due to his father’s influence and the prominence of the dojo. However, he credits his main teachers: Kokichi Nakamura (his grandfather) and Tae Ichi Nakamura, (his grand-uncle.) Nakamura’s expertise not only extended in craftsmanship of Kobudo, but he stood out among his peers as being a noted expert in two particular Okinawan weaponary. Taketo was famous in his expertise in the very rare Ryukyu Kobudo weapons form- the kusarigama (鎖鎌) – the Sickle with chain, shown in the pictures below, with modifications that Taketo designed for the usefulness of the weapon.
as well as the more famous Sansetsugon (三截棍)- media “popular” 3 section staff, (the one below he created himself):
In the 1980s, he moved on from his mechanic skill days and eventually ended up going back to school to study physiotherapy and oriental medicine. During my stay in Nago, Nakamura sensei showed me some of the model “drop tables” (for manipulation, bone setting, etc.) that he helped design. Nakamura maintained that the most important thing to keep in mind in life and the martial arts is to stay with a “Pure Spirit.” Despite many hardships and setbacks Nakamura sensei had endured, he still represents the mastery of arts both martial and medical of another era.
As I got up to say my good byes to Nakamura sensei, he symbolically (and literally) handed my father “the keys to the dojo,” for us to train when we were back in Okinawa. He told us, “this is my dojo please feel free to train here.” No matter how long I think I have been practicing karate (I have been practicing Okinawa Kenpo Karate Kobudo for 34 years- I began when I was 7 years old), after meeting someone like Taketo Nakamura, I realize how much I am truly just beginning to understand my way in this art.
My extended thanks to Taketo Nakamura, Saiko-shihan of Okinawa Kenpo & Nick Flores, 10th Dan, in Okinawa Kenpo, for their contributions to this article.